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@unimarter UniMarter Blog@unimarter
ponad 2 tygodnie temu
***Drunk as a Skunk - Drink Driving*** Take a little double unimarter UniMarter
***Drunk as a Skunk - Drink Driving***

Take a little double vision add a touch of dizziness, sprinkle in some clumsy, mix with slow reflexes and there we have it a recipe for fate.This is a lethal cocktail of symptoms namely a death sentence for any motorist jumping behind the wheel of a car while drunk as a skunk. If the driver is fortunate to escape with his life, it is the life of another who may fall victim to his / her act of stupidity.Taking the life out of living of an innocent pedestrian or leaving a parent without child can only enforce heartache beyond belief for the bereaved; some would say a life for a life. Would the rate of fatalities be on the rise through drink related road accidents if hanging was brought back? I don't think so.Reality kicks in for the alcohol fuel filled driver when effect of the drink wears off.
This person now has to face up to the consequences of their actions, where in some cases you will find the drink driver has no recollection of the trail of destruction they have caused. Ask yourself is it worth it? Just one more for the road leads to another and another.Wisdom is the only word that springs to mind that I feel drinkers should heed, learn from the mistakes of others.Where is the justiceIt seems unfair that the drink driver is behind bars for something that he / she can not remember being part of. Well this is all part of the package of binge drinking where loss of memory gives good cause for you not to know what you were doing at the time.Sentenced for losing control of the mind, it just doesn't make sense the driver asks him / herself. Had the driver been in control, then surely the crime would not have been committed. Sorry no excuse. Yes drink does hinder the ability to make the right decisions when it comes to handling a vehicle, but you have to remember you were not drunk or hindered when making the decision to take the keys to the car in the first place. So there you have it in a nutshell Guilty.The car is your life should you drive for a living, the car is a pleasure providing machine. The car a great vehicle to have in an emergency.
But should the owner of the car jump behind the wheel while under the influence of alcohol the car becomes an accessory to murder.Influenced by alcohol and the mad thoughts where you think you're the next Nigel Mansell on the roads? You think that no one can match you on your driving skills? Well think again? Drink affects everyone in the same way.After abusing the consumption limit for the intake of booze. Drivers lose jurisdiction over their thoughts and actions where they qualify to maim or injure, in other words a licence to kill.Common sense saves lives, have a close friend or relative transport you to your chosen venue for the evening. Leave car keys behind therefore less temptation to drive the vehicle. Say no to last orders if need be. Taxis are a reliable source for getting you home safely or walk if your local is in walking distance / It may not be a life term prison sentence imposed on you by the judge, but it may as well be. The horrors of the night / day in question will be a life sentence in itself where the memories will haunt you till your dying day.The biggest and best tip I can give to any drink driver is, when leaving the home for a night out on the tiles, make to sure to give the wife kids or partner a kiss, as it maybe the last.Counselling help can be found on my Information page.If you have experienced or going through a related matter to Drink driving consult my Information page http: / / www.benidormbeaches.com

#Drinkdriving #boozeconsequences #lifesentence #bingedrinking #carkeys .motorist #driver #lethalcockta
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@unimarter UniMarter Blog@unimarter
ponad 2 tygodnie temu
***Safe Driving And Alzheimer's Disease*** Naomi was hopeles unimarter UniMarter
***Safe Driving And Alzheimer's Disease***

Naomi was hopelessly lost. As she drove, absolutely nothing looked familiar. She noticed a fluttering in her stomach. She had to admit that she was in a lovely area, with large shade trees and a lovely lawn, but there were no houses where she could stop to ask directions. And the road seemed so narrow. She was starting to feel confused again. And there was nowhere to turn around. So she stopped the car and placed the gearshift into park.Some time passed before a groundskeeper noticed the car on the golf course cart path. He called the police. teksty patrolman checked Naomi's identification and called her husband. The police officer then notified the state driver's licensing authority that Naomi should be retested.Knowing when and how to take away the keys to the car is one of the most troublesome issues facing families who have a loved one with the illness. As we age, our eyesight and hearing may worsen. Depth perception plays tricks. Our reaction time slows. These elements of normal aging may interfere with our ability to drive a motor vehicle safely. For someone with Alzheimer's disease, these normal processes are complicated by additional symptoms related to the disease's effect on the brain. In fact, studies show that a person with Alzheimer's disease has twice the chance of being involved in a motor vehicle accident as a driver of the same age without the illness.While a person in early stages of Alzheimer's disease may retain the ability to drive a motor vehicle, as the disease progresses, the time is likely to come when he or she is no longer safe behind the wheel. At the same time, the person with Alzheimer's disease will cling to whatever sense of independence he or she can.The American Psychiatric Association says that some Alzheimer's patients with moderate impairment and all severely impaired patients pose unacceptable risks to themselves and others behind the wheel of a motor vehicle. Even those in early stages of the disease may be unable to drive even short distances safely. Depending on the individual, family members and others have a responsibility to assess the situation and, when necessary, step in and take away the keys.Warning SignsHow do you know when to restrict driving privileges in a person with Alzheimer's disease? Trust your instincts. If you feel uncomfortable riding with him or her-or letting your children ride along-you may have unconsciously decided that the time has come. Another indicator is the person's inability to follow a recipe or perform simple household tasks. These types of activities require some of the same mental abilities necessary for safely operating a motor vehicle.Deterioration in the ability to concentrate, as well as impairment of judgment seen in people who have Alzheimer's disease, add to the concern about such patients driving motor vehicles. According to the Alzheimer's Association, some things to watch for include the following:1. Getting lost.Anyone can get lost in an unfamiliar area. Those with Alzheimer's disease may become disoriented and be unable to find his or her way in familiar locales.2. Ignoring traffic signals.Failure to notice or obey stop signs, traffic lights or other highway markers may mean the driver didn't notice them. In addition, the driver may have lost the ability to associate the sign with its meaning. He or she may see the sign, but not know what it means.3. Lack of judgment.Inability to estimate the speed of oncoming traffic, deciding whether to stop for a yellow light or slide through the intersection, or becoming confused at a four-way stop sign are some examples of poor judgment while driving. Being slow to make decisions-or making poor ones-when driving can result in accidents that can harm the driver, as well as others on the road.4. Driving too fast or too slowly.Erratic driving at inappropriate speeds can indicate a lack of concentration, as well as poor physical coordination. It may also indicate poor judgment.5. Anger and confusion.You don't have to have Alzheimer's disease to experience road rage. Frustration during driving can make anyone flustered or angry. If the driver has Alzheimer's disease, however, watch for frequent occurrences of anger or confusion, as well as inappropriate or exaggerated reactions, while driving.Taking Away the Car KeysIf your family member's ability to drive is impaired, you have a moral responsibility to take action to keep him or her off the road. However, accomplishing this goal may not be easy. Any suggestion that car keys be relinquished could be met with resistance, frustration, anger, or hostility-especially when it comes from a family member who may already be providing care by assisting with activities of daily living like bathing, dressing, and meal preparation.Ask the DoctorMany Alzheimer's families turn to the loved one's physician for help with the issue. Your loved one may more easily accept advice not to drive from a health care professional he or she has an established trust relationship with. For one thing, a doctor is often seen as an authority figure. For another, such a third party can discuss the situation objectively and dispassionately with less chance of offending your loved one on a personal level. Many doctors understand the need for this intervention and will be willing to comply with requests of this nature from family members. In some cases, doctors will write the words "Do Not Drive" on a prescription slip. In others, you may need to ask the doctor to file a request for re-examination of your loved one's driving abilities by the state driver's licensing authority.Contact the State Licensing AuthorityAll states have a system in place to require retesting of persons with mental or physical impairments. However, state laws and re-examination processes vary. They may include medical evaluation, as well as written and road tests. Laws also vary concerning who is authorized to request re-examination. They may include police officers, judges, state's attorneys, physicians, family members, neighbors, friends, or other drivers. In some states, all older drivers must take driving tests for annual renewals. Check with your state's driver's licensing authority to see what rules and procedures exist for revoking driver's licenses for impaired drivers.If your loved one's driver's license is ultimately revoked, he or she should get a state issued photo identification card to use for check cashing, air travel, and other uses.Protecting Insurance CoverageEven with a doctor's advice not to drive, or a driver's license revocation, a person with Alzheimer's may still get behind the wheel. He or she may forget that driving is no longer allowed. Or, stubbornness, anger, or frustration may encourage him or her to grab the keys and hit the road. If that happens and an accident occurs, serious consequences-beyond the risk of personal injury or death to the driver, passengers, or others-may result.For example, although some state laws require insurance companies to honor claims involving insured motor vehicles, even if driven by an unlicensed driver, an insurance claim can be challenged. Insurance coverage may be cancelled. And future applications for motor vehicle insurance can be denied. In some states, insurance companies can cancel policies if a driver's license is revoked, regardless of whether an accident has happened or not. Should a driver without coverage become involved in a motor vehicle accident, his or her assets will be at risk from claims by accident victims for property damage or personal injury.These issues are particularly important for an unimpaired spouse of a person with Alzheimer's disease. Insurance cancellation will jeopardize the spouse's insurability. Acceptance under a new policy may be difficult because of the spouse's older age. And the new policy may cost much more than the previous one. State insurance laws vary, and some states have regulations pertaining to such situations.One option is for the impaired driver to exclude himself or herself from the policy, enabling the unimpaired spouse to continue insurance coverage. But if the excluded driver drives anyway, a claim for personal injury or property damage to the driver's car may not be honored to the full extent of the policy's limits. (Liability claims by others would likely be paid, however.) If that happened, the policy would most likely be canceled.Action Steps for Family MembersDepending upon your loved one's abilities and desire to drive, regardless of driver's license status or doctor's orders, family members can take steps to prevent an impaired driver from operating the car. Here are six steps you can take:1. Sell the car. If the car won't be driven, it makes sense to sell it. However, Americans love their cars. Some even name them the way they would name a pet dog or cat. If your loved one is attached to his or her motor vehicle, your suggestion to sell it may meet strong objection, even if the impaired driver seems to understand that driving is no longer allowed. If the loved one wants to keep the car, or is comforted by seeing it in the garage or driveway, you can disable the car so it can't be driven.2. Hide the car keys. If the car remains in the family, someone must control access to all copies of the keys. Lock them in a safe place unknown to the impaired driver.3. Replace the car key. If the impaired driver resists or refuses to hand over his or her set of keys, quietly replace the car key with one that looks like it, but that doesn't work in the vehicle.4. Remove the tires. Removing the tires will disable the vehicle, but in some residential areas, parking a car on blocks is not allowed, except-perhaps-in an enclosed garage. Check with your local jurisdiction before taking this step.5. Disable the vehicle. Ask a mechanic to show you how to disconnect the car's battery or how to disconnect the coil wire between the coil and distributor. If a spouse or other household member needs to use the car, reconnecting them is relatively easy.6. Park the car elsewhere. Park the car down the street, around the corner, or out of sight in a neighbor's garage to make it inaccessible.Look for Alternativesteksty person who has been driving for decades and who takes pride in his or her independence will likely resist attempts to restrict driving privileges. That independence is difficult to give up, especially in neighborhoods without good public transportation systems. The person may not want to burden friends or family to get where he or she wants to go.In modern American culture, driving is important. For many, it involves self-esteem and status as well as mobility. For these reasons, those who have Alzheimer's disease are unlikely to admit difficulties they are experiencing when driving. So, family members and physicians must balance the person's convenience with the safety of the driver, as well as passengers and other drivers on the road.When restricting driving privileges becomes an issue, you can ease the transition by investigating alternative methods of getting from place to place. Here are some choices you can make available to your loved one in place of a personal motor vehicle.1. Friends and family.Are you willing to provide all or part of your loved one's transportation needs? What about other family members? If friends say, "let me know if I can do anything to help," suggest they give your loved one a ride to the grocery store, hairdresser, or doctor's appointment. You can also ask for volunteers at your place of worship.2. Public Transportation.Gather information about bus routes, train schedules, and taxi services. See whether they offer discounts for older individuals or those with disabilities. Calculate round-trip fares from your loved one's home to frequently visited locations, such as the grocery store, doctor's office, barber shop, or library.3. Government ?funded transportation.Investigate availability of government-funded transportation for people with disabilities. Inquire about how to qualify for such programs.4. Delivery Services.To reduce the need for trips outside the home, look for pharmacies, office supply stores, restaurants, and other businesses and organizations that deliver goods and services to the home. Find a courier service that operates in your area, or see whether a taxi service will perform that function. Look into the Meals on Wheels program in your area.About The AuthorWilliam G. Hammond, JD is a nationally known elder law attorney and founder of The Alzheimer?s Resource Center. He is a frequent guest on radio and television and has developed innovative solutions to guide families who have a loved one suffering from Alzheimer?s. For more information you can visit his website at www.BeatAlzheimers.comsupport@Alzheimers-Resource-Center.com

#alzheimer #alzheimerdisease #drivers #handicappeddrivers #elderlydrivers #automobile
@unimarter UniMarter Blog@unimarter
ponad 2 tygodnie temu
***Consumer Driven Health Care*** Consumer Driven Health Car unimarter UniMarter
***Consumer Driven Health Care***

Consumer Driven Health Care. You hear this phrase on the tv, in the news, on the internet and even in the paper. But most people do not know what Consumer Driven Health Care is. Consumer Driven Health Care is a massive movement in our country that allows individuals and employees the opportunity to take control of their physical upkeep. Consumer Driven Health Care plans, in other words, are plans that allow you to have a say in what kind of care you get and how much you will pay. Consumer Driven Health Care is not insurance, but a plan that helps lower insurance premiums and accumulate health account balances. Many Consumer Driven Health Care plans offer major discounts for doctors visits, labs, dental, vision and even chiropractic services for a relatively small fee every month.But why would buyers like you and me decide to use CDHPs? With the appearance of the Internet and the ease of access to medical information, patients no longer have to rely on doctors to answer every question they have. Patients can find many answers to questions that just a few years ago they could only ask their doctors about. Patients are highly educated about their ailments long before they go see a doctor. Information delivery has changed when it comes to medical information.Another benefit that CDHP’s offer to the average person is that they are offered the ability to make their own decisions about their own medical benefits. They make decisions on what are needed instead of the insurance companies deciding. Many times a physician will say that his or her patient needs a certain procedure but because of the high cost, the insurance company will not cover the cost. With CDHP’s, the decision goes back to the patient and doctor.
CHHP’s empower the common person, like you and I, to take responsibility for their medical care decisions and share in controlling costs.Because of the high cost of premiums, most medical insurance companies do not offer extras such as Dental, Vision, Ancillary services, Prescription and Chiropractic without the employee paying high costs out of their everyday paycheck. But many CDHP’s offer these services without the extra cost. They ask for a low monthly fee and the reduced costs are passed on to the buyer. Again, we make the decisions on what we pay for, not the insurance companies.The challenge facing many companies, especially small ones with less than one hundred employees, is the high cost to their companies to offer insurance to their employees. Because of the challenge of rising health care costs many companies have searched for alternative ways to better control costs. Companies want to offer benefits to their employee, but because of the large costs that employers have to pay, many companies just cannot afford it.. But with the low costs of CDHP’s many small companies are finally able to offer their hard working employees the benefits they need.In conclusion, CDHP’s are offering an alternative to the high costs of medical care for the average person. No longer do the insurance companies have the power over our medical care needs. We have the power in our hands to make decision about our medical needs. Empower yourself and give CDHP’s a try. You will not regret it.Djuana Berlin is a working mother who works outside of the home as well as working on a in home health care business. For more information about Consumer Driven Health care please go to http: / / www.FamilyHealthPlanChoices.com

#consumer #driven #health #care #healthcare #healthcareplan
@unimarter UniMarter Blog@unimarter
ponad 3 tygodnie temu
***Finding the Right Golf Club Online*** Finding the right g unimarter UniMarter
***Finding the Right Golf Club Online***

Finding the right golf club is difficult if you don?t know what you?re looking for, here are some points that you should consider before buying:The shaft is extremely important with regards to the quality of the club as it acts as the axle. The better the shaft, the better the club.The biggest game improvement clubs on the market today are called Shallow face metalwoods. Due to their low centre of gravity they are easy to hit and very accurate.Beginners may find the 2 and 3 irons difficult to hit, therefore if you are going to buy a set, you should think about replacing those with a 5, 7 or 9 wood, preferably shallow face models.Unless you see yourself as short or tall you should always buy standard length clubs, these allow players to hit the ball on center a higher percentage of the time, thus increasing distance and accuracy.The shaft flex (?flex? refers to refers to the ability of a golf shaft to bend as forces are applied to it during the golf swing.) is very important for the feel of a club, and does have an effect on distance. The following information may help you work out which flex is right for you (some golf shops can measure your swing speed if you don?t know it).If your: Driver speed swing: Less than 60 mphDriver carry distance: Less than 180 ydsClub used from: 150 yrdsClub: 3 iron or woodYou need: Ladies flexIf your: Driver speed swing: 60-75 mphDriver carry distance: 180-210 ydsClub used from: 150 yrdsClub: 4 ironYou need: Senior or A flexIf your: Driver speed swing: 75-84 mphDriver carry distance: 210-240 ydsClub used from: 150 yrdsClub: 5 or 6 ironYou need: Regular flexIf your: Driver speed swing: 84-93 mphDriver carry distance: 340-260 ydsClub used from: 150 yrdsClub: 6 or 7 ironYou need: Stiff flexIf your: Driver speed swing: 93 + mphDriver carry distance: 260 + ydsClub used from: 150 yrdsClub: 8 or 9 ironYou need: X- Stiff flex There are 3 main types of shaft to choose from:Steel shafts Due to a more advanced manufacturing process, steel shafts offer consistent quality from shaft to shaft and are more durable, stronger and generally less expansive than graphite. Graphite shafts do generate a greater distance than steel, therefore a faster swing is needed to match a graphite?s distance. Steel does offer more control however, so is recommended for players with normal swing speeds who could use a little extra control in their game.Graphite shafts Graphite shafts can be made in many variations (making it a popular choice for beginners and professionals) and are lighter than steel, but usually more expensive and less durable. Although it sacrifices control, it gains greater swing speeds for more power. Graphite shafts are suitable for lady golfers and players cannot produce the swing speed needed for a steel shaft.Multi-Material Shafts This shaft is quite new to the market, it is a mixture of steel and graphite, usually being a steel shaft with a graphite tip. It offers more control of the ball thanks to the steel, and can achieve more distance thanks to the graphite. The graphite tip also helps reduce vibrations at contact.Visit millimart.com for more information on buying clubs and sports equipment onlineDave Wyness is a senior researcher at http: / / www.millimart.com Having started his career in consumer research he has now built up a substantial body of knowledge and experience in online retail.

#sport #golf #clubs #tips #beginner #buy #shaft #quality #iron #wood #shallowface #accuracy #driver
@unimarter UniMarter Blog@unimarter
ponad 3 tygodnie temu
***Life After Certification - What to Do After You Have Passed th unimarter UniMarter
***Life After Certification - What to Do After You Have Passed the Test***

Okay you have now passed your certification test, congratulations! Now what? How is this going to actually improve your life, your career? Have you thought about your plans after you have passed the test? For many taking a certification exam is only a stepping stone to true success.The first thing I would do even before pursuing a certification is to have a plan on how this is actually going to help you in your career. Just because you have passed the test does not mean you are an expert. You must first prove it to the rest of the world. How do you do this?Sit down at your computer or desk and write out your career goals for the next year, five years, ten years and your entire working career. How does this certification fit into those goals? Can you use it to establish more credibility as an expert?The first step I would take is to start writing tutorials on the subject matter that you claim to be an expert in. Post these tutorials to your own website, blog or eZine distribution websites. the more you write about a subject the more likely a person is going to consider yourself an expert in the field and the certification just backs that up as well. The more visibility you receive the more likely you are to get clients that are willing to pay for your services.The second step I would take is not to stop studying! The best thing for you to do is learn as much as possible about your subject matter and to stay on top of it. Each time you learn something new write about it. This not only helps you stay visible but shows that you are up to date with the latest technology. If you are studying for another certification or an upgrade to your existing one learn all you can about the material and then start writing tutorials that teaches others on the same subject. Not only will this help reinforce what you have already learned but it could lead to increased job offers and other opportunities.The third step would be to visit as many newsgroups as possible to put your knowledge to the test. By helping others this way you reinforce what you have learned and again gain valuable exposure in the field.Lastly I would find a local user group in your area and start volunteering for it. This will greatly increase the number of contacts you can network with and make your name known in the community. Do not have a user group in your area? See if you can start one and start speaking about your area of expertise to a local crowd. Later I would connect with other regional user groups to see if they are looking for speakers and then start speaking at these user groups. For many the certification test is the place where most people stop in their careers and then complain that this test did not really help them. The test is merely a stepping stone in establishing more credibility. The rest is up to the individual. You reap what you sow. Certification only contains some of the seeds that you need to plant in order to become truly successful.Richard Callaby is a Independent Computer Consultant, Writer, Author, Speaker and Instructor. More articles from this author can be reached at his blog at http: / / blog.richard-callaby.net

#Certification #Life #Goals #Success #Plan #Drive #UserGroup #Speaking #Writing
@unimarter UniMarter Blog@unimarter
ponad 3 tygodnie temu
***5 Tips For Buying An External Hard Drive*** So you've fin unimarter UniMarter
***5 Tips For Buying An External Hard Drive***

So you've finally decided to buy an external hard drive as a backup option for your computer. This is a great choice for you because you're making backing up your data faster and easier than you could ever have imagined. You're also making your data far more portable in larger quantities than before.You'll no longer be limited to storing a few hundred megabytes or even several gigabytes. Nope. Now you can look forward to portable and reliable storage capacities ranging into terabytes. That frustrating desktop computer or network file server backup job just got a whole lot easier.If you've never bought an external hard disk before then there's a few pointers here that may help to have on your shopping list before you go and make that final purchase.1. Buy A Brand
Do yourself a huge favor and buy a brand name that you easily recognize. Sure these may cost a little more than brand x but with computer accessories like this you really do get what you pay for. If a Western Digital 100GB external drive costs $200 and another brand x 100GB drive costs $80 why do you think that is? Because the company likes you? Because they like making smaller profits? No it's because it's a cheaper drive made with inferior parts that's going to break a lot sooner than you might expect.The other aspect of sticking with a brand is your warranty. For example Maxtor, Western Digital and Iomega are all reliable companies and well known for their external hard disks. If something goes wrong with your drive you can have it fixed. With brand x you'll probably not even be able to find an email address that you can contact the parent company on. Is saving a few dollars worth that risk?2. Google It
Whatever brand or model you decide on make sure you do some research before purchasing. Always, always Google the exact brand and model of the drive you're considering buying. Look for reviews and especially any feedback on how reliable a drive is. You'll be very surprised to find that some companies have particularly bad reputations in terms of equipment reliability and what's known as the "click of death" in the external hard drive industry.Spend time in Google checking out your prospective purchase. You'll be glad that you did.3. Connectivity
When it comes to external hard drives you'll need to choose carefully when selecting your connection types. Your external hard drive will support either USB or Firewire. Firewire is the fastest option available at the moment but your computer may not support this. The vast majority of modern computers will, however, feature a USB port.The next question now is what type of USB port do you have - USB 1.0 or 2.0? If your computer only has a USB 1.0 port then your external hard drive is going to transfer data VERY slowly. USB 2.0 is the minimum you should consider as connection options for both your computer and your external hard drive. If you don't have a USB 2.0 port (also called HiSpeed USB) on your computer you may need to get a USB 2.0 card fitted.4. Speed
Now of course we need to talk about speed. The faster your hard drive operates the faster data will get transferred to your computer and vice versa. Without boggling you with comptuer jargon there's a couple of technical things you need to include on your shopping list.Seek time - this needs to be 10ms (milliseconds) or lessBuffer size - more is better. Get a drive with at least a 4MB buffer.RPM - higher is better. 5400rpm as a minimum. 7200rpm being preferred.Stick to the above basic pointers and you'll do just fine.5. Size
This is the simple part of the whole "buying an external hard drive" equation. Buy as much as you can afford. If you can afford 100GB then get it. However if you can afford 200GB then get it. Then again if you scraped together a few dollars more you could afford 300GB then do it.This isn't a sales pitch. Far from it. There is simply no such thing as having too much data storage space. The 160GB drive that I have here was filled up in a little under a month. Currently a terabye option sounds good for my future needs.Always add 50% to your data storage requirements. Honestly. You'll thanks yourself within the first 90 days of buying your external drive.Hopefully now you'll be better prepared for purchasing your new external hard drive. It's one of the best purchases you'll ever make.Looking for the best external hard drive? Visit BackupAdvice.com for more information on your options.

#external #hard #drive #usb #firewire #computer #disk
@unimarter UniMarter Blog@unimarter
ponad 3 tygodnie temu
***Perpendicular Hard Disk Drives*** What is a Hard Disk Dri unimarter UniMarter
***Perpendicular Hard Disk Drives***

What is a Hard Disk Drive?A Hard Disk Drive (HDD) is a device used by modern computers to permanently store information. The Hard Disk Drive is arguable the most essential part of a computer system in that all the information that is permanently stored is contained within its enclosure, including your computer?s Operating System (OS). Thanks to Hard Disk Drives, long gone are the days when you would have had to keep all your programs and documents stored on removable media such as Floppy Disks or CD-ROMs.Originally invented in the mid 1950?s and made commercially available in 1956 by International Business Machines (IBM). Called RAMAC (Random Access Method of Accounting and Control), the first Hard Disk Drives contained as much as 50 platters which were 24 inches in diameter and were computers in their own right albeit with a single purpose ? to store data. The entire unit which housed the hard drive was the approximate size of two large refrigerators placed side by side. In the 50 or so years since their invention, Hard Disk Drives have steadily and aggressively far out paced Moore?s law. Which stipulates that memory in computers will increase by 100% approximately every 18 months. Hard Disk Drives on the other hand have increased capacity in the same period by approximately 130%, an increase of 100% every nine months in many cases. Such capacity increases are being threatened, however. In the years since the first Hard Disk Drive very little has changed apart from logical steps in technology such as the increased speed or improved interfaces, the basic technology has changed very little. There have been no technological leaps, as it were, for Hard Disk Drives beyond their increased miniaturisation. Apart from miniaturisation and recording media improvements the Hard Disk Drive as a device is almost identical technologically speaking, to the very first, the RAMAC.Hard Disk Drives use a similar technology as is employed in audio and video cassettes. Such audio and video cassettes use a magnetic ribbon wound around a two wheels to store data. To access a particular portion of the data contained on the magnetic ribbon, the device must wind the tape such that the beginning of the section containing the data is underneath the device that reads the data (the magnetic read / write head). This process is called sequential data retrieval because in the process of accessing the particular data, the device must sequentially read each piece of data until the data it?s looking for is found. This process is very time consuming and contributes to wear.Hard Disks on the other hand use a circular disk-shaped platter upon which the magnetically sensitive compound is laid. Such platters are similar in concept to a Compact Disk (CD) in that the data they hold can be accessed randomly, that the recordable media is in a circular (disk) shape, and that the data is sectioned off into tracks and sectors. Data on a Hard Disk Drive can be accessed randomly because the recordable medium of Hard Disk Drives uses these separated tracks and sectors. By separating the data in such a way, it can be positioned at random intervals of the disk, depending upon the space requirements.Anywhere from one to seven recordable platters are contained within a modern Hard Disk Drive?s metallic enclosure. Hard Disk Drive platters are perfectly circular disks made from either an aluminium alloy or a more recently a glass ceramic substrate which is a ceramic disk suspended in a glass outer shell. Onto the surfaces of a disk?s platter is laid a thin layer of a magnetically sensitive coating called the recording medium, in modern drives the mixture is a complex amalgam of different materials such as cobalt chromium platinum boron (CoCrPtB) and other such rare metals.How does a Hard Disk Drive store data?All information located on a computer is expressed as a series of ones and zeros (1 / 0), as binary digits (bits). Taking advantage of the nature of magnetic particles, that they can be polarised to magnetic north or south and that their magnetic poles can be alternated or switched when a sufficient magnetic field of the correct polarity is applied, Hard Disk Drives can store the very same sequence of bits onto a disk by polarising the required magnetic particles on the recording medium such that they represent the data being stored. Hard Disk Drives are sectioned off such that they contain both intersecting tracks and sectors. The purpose of which is to provide a logical data structure, to provide a way to distinguish between areas of data. Within each track there are a number of sectors. It is within these sectors of the Hard Disk which data is stored.The platter of a Hard Disk Drive is coated with a magnetically sensitive coating comprised primarily of magnetically charged particles or filings which as a whole may be called the recording medium. These particulates can be magnetically aligned such that they represent binary digits, by inducing an electromagnetic field upon them via a devices read / write head. The recording media contains many billions of microscopic particles which when viewed extremely close resemble miniature metal filings. When a Hard Disk Drive records data onto the medium it takes many hundreds (usually anywhere from 500 to 100) of these magnetically sensitive particles to store a single binary digit. The increased reduction of the amount of particles required to record data is highly limited by the precision of the read / write head (the miniature device that reads and records data onto the recording medium) because the magnetic field which is used by the drive?s read / write head to read and / or record (write) data is such that it already tentatively borders nearby data.Should it be shrunk much further in an attempt to increase precision, the likelihood of data corruption would increase vastly. Research by various parties has been on-going to find a workable solution to recording data onto much fewer or even single particles for some time now. A hard drive may record data onto the Hard Disk Drive by applying a sufficient magnetic field to the section of the recording medium (which is suspended upon the Hard Disks platter) such that the data (a series of ones and / or zeros which correspond to the information being stored) is recorded onto the medium by aligning the specified particles to the desired magnetic pole (north or south). In doing so, any previous data which was present is therefore destroyed.Perpendicular verses LongitudinalEver since the late 1980?s and early 1990?s magnetic media drive manufacturers have been researching the feasibility of switching from longitudinal to perpendicular recording techniques. The advantage is clearly one of capacity: when longitudinal magnetic particles are packed together, they take up much more space than if they were to stand upright, if they stood perpendicular to the platter. More than merely a matter of initial capacity gain, perpendicular recording technology avoids a problem which has been well known in the field for many years: the super-paramagnetic effect (SPE), which affects magnetically charged particles of such small size as that used in Hard Disk Drives. ?The super-paramagnetic effect is a phenomenon observed in very fine particles, where the energy required to change the direction of the magnetic moment of a particle is comparable to the ambient thermal energy? (source: Wikipedia.org).Many theories have cropped up over the years as to what density magnetic particles (described by a disks areal density) may achieve before becoming subject to SPE. At present it is suggested that anything from 100Gbit / inch2 to 150Gbit / inch2 is the physical limitation for longitudinal Hard Disk Drives, although perpendicular media solutions have been made as high as 230Gbit / inch2.In the layering of the magnetic particulates atop a magnetic suspension layer and orienting the particles perpendicular to the platter, the recording medium can pack many more magnetically sensitive particles together in the same space than previously possible whilst keeping SPE at bay. Perpendicular recording technology does not however preclude SPE from limiting capacity in the future, more than anything perpendicular recording technology can been described as a way to give manufacturers breathing room to develop more permanent technological solutions such as holographic lithography or a multilayered recording medium. Traditional recording media manufacture consists of the spreading of recording material over a disk platter via a centrifugal force induced by spinning the platter whilst the recording material is placed atop its surface. The centrifugal force would spread the recording material across the surface, evenly spreading it in all directions. Perpendicular recording media manufacture on the other hand requires a much different technique.The exact manufacturing process of perpendicular recording media is unsurprisingly a closely guarded secret, especially considering its recent arrival on the marketplace. From patents filed at the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), it can be taken that the predominant technique involves the laminating of magnetic and non-magnetically charged metals such as chromium, cobalt, platinum and alloys of similar; sandwiching unique layers to affect the desired result ? a recording medium such that the magnetic particles are aligned perpendicular to the platter. In US patent number 6387483, filed by the NEC Corporation of Tokyo; it describes the technique as follows:The perpendicular magnetic recording medium of the embodiment is formed by laminating a Cr film, a soft magnetic under layer film, and a perpendicular magnetizing film on a substrate in this order. (Source: USPTO no. 6387483)In longitudinal media manufacture too, laminating multiple supportive metals is achieved; in perpendicular media however, the difference is the magnetizing film as described above. Whereas traditional lamination ordinarily serves only to prevent wear and noise (both electro-mechanical and audible noise), in perpendicular media manufacture it would appear that at least some of the lamination process is used to magnetize the magnetic media particles to a perpendicular orientation. Precisely how the reorientation of magnetic media particulate is accomplished is not easy to determine, most probably because the technology is so new that such details are sketchy at best and obscure or guarded at worst. This fact is not at all surprising concerning a new technology such as perpendicular magnetic media development.The future of storage technologyPerpendicular magnetic media technology as discussed earlier is merely a temporary solution, to find more permanent solutions we must look to much more advanced technologies. One such technology is patterned magnetic media. The process of patterned magnetic media aims to make singular magnetic particulates the object of recording bits, you will remember that current technologies requires approximately 500 to 1000 magnetic particles to store a single bit. The object of patterned media is to cut this dramatically down to a single particle per bit. Advantages of such a technology are such as reduced statistical noise associated with granular media and more increased areal density (as much as 64Gbit / inch2).Patterned magnetic media aims to prevent the SPE barrier, or at least further decrement its effect through the use of so-called mesas and valleys. The technique uses the creation of barriers between magnetic particles, thereby avoiding the SPE complication which affects closely packed particles. Holographic Storage (a.k.a. Holographic Lithography) too is a technology that aims to increase storage capacity which is also under heavy research, and claims to be a much more permanent solution. Unlike Patterned Magnetic Media, Holographic Storage is a revolutionary step away from magnetic media and previous optoelectronic technologies.Hard Disk Drives will always be subject to inertia and centrifugal force induced by the moving parts of the drives mechanical components (platter, read / write head), Holographic Storage has no such issues; the holographic process uses lasers in replacement of the read / write head of a Hard Disk Drive and the media itself requires no momentum (unlike the platters in Hard Disk Drives).Such holographic storage is far from realisation, in fact it is postulated by some that it may be as much as ten years before the technology can be made into a workable solution. In direct symmetry to early memory research, research on Holographic Storage technologies seems to have banded into two camps: one of super fast data retrieval and extraordinarily high capacity storage; no doubt there will be extremely profitable markets for both.Sean Nicholls is an undergraduate at the National College of Ireland where he is working on a Bsc.H in Software Systems. With almost six years experience of Computer Programming, Sean has extensive knowlege of computers and computer-related technology.For further reading visit Sean's blog at http: / / www.seannicholls.com /

#Hard #Disk #Drive #Perpendicular #Superparamagnetic #Super -paramagnetic #Magneticmedia #Storage
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ponad 3 tygodnie temu
***Hard Drive Cooling for 10 Cents*** I have purchased almos unimarter UniMarter
***Hard Drive Cooling for 10 Cents***

I have purchased almost every hard drive cooling device on the market, some costing as much as $50 or more. I have systems that place fans in front of the drive that suck air from the outside, and fans that mount underneath. The problem with these setups are that they tend to be expensive, the airflow tends to be quite low, and in general they just don't cool down the drives by more than 1 - 5 degrees. I even own one that claims an 80cfm airflow. But alas I was never satisfied with any of these cooling methods.For over a year now I have been able to achieve a 10 - 15 degree Celsius temperature drop on my hard drives simply by using a 10 cent bracket from a local hardware store.Image: http: / / cheapbooks.name / pics / DSC00823.JPG- 1 / 2" bracket
- 80mm fan
- 3.5" hard driveI use 3 hard drives in every one of my 20 servers, 2 running as a RAID-1 and the third as a spare in case the raid goes down. I use a mounted cooling fan blowing directly onto the circuit board of every drive, using an 80mm fan, with the air blowing in the direction of the drive surface. Any speed fan will have a dramatic affect on cooling. Please note that in some cases I suspected that the drive temperature was not being reported properly, as some drives showed no change in temperature via software but were clearly cooler to the touch.Simply mount a standard 1 / 2" bracket available from your local hardware store. The bracket must fit one machine screw to mount to the rear of the hard drive, and it must also fit a screw capable of mounting the fan. I have been able to do it using the standard screws although you may need a matching nut & bolt for your fan depending on your bracket.Before removing your drive and fan, make sure you get a test reading of the temperature reported by your hard drive, if your drive supports it.Image: http: / / cheapbooks.name / pics / DSC00822.JPGMount the fan to the bracket as shown above. Make sure you mount it with the airflow arrow directed to the drive. Also ensure that the power cable for the fan is mounted at the back end of your setup. A second bracket can optionally be used on the other side of the fan, but keep in mind that in some cases you may have a slight warping effect on your fan if the holes do not line up accurately enough.Image: http: / / cheapbooks.name / pics / DSC00820.JPGAfter mounting the bracket to the fan, mount it to one of the rear screw holes on the drive. Mount it on the side facing your open case panel if you want to be able to replace the fan without removing the drive.Image: http: / / cheapbooks.name / pics / DSC00818.JPGConnect all the power cables and take a sampling of your temperature sensor on your hard drive, using tools such as SMART software. You should notice a dramatic change in temperature such that other cooling methods will no longer be necessary.Copyright 2005 CheapBooks.com. All Rights Reserved.

#hard #drive #cooling #temperature #mod
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ponad 3 tygodnie temu
***RAM - What is It & Why You Need Plenty*** This is the unimarter UniMarter
***RAM - What is It & Why You Need Plenty***

This is the first article in the Understanding Your Computer series from aworldofhelp.com. Our goal is to help people understand how their computer works, not simply tell them what they need to buy or use. When you know how your computer works, buying the right system or upgrade is easy. The series is designed to provide valuable information to users of all knowledge levels, so if part of it seems too complicated or too simple for you, I hope you read on and get all you can out of the articles. If you have questions or comments about this or any article, please ask in the forums!RAM - What is it & why you need plentyMany people picture a computer as consisting in part of aProcessor - CPUMemory - RAMHard DriveThe way these three components interact is important to understanding how a computer works, and ultimately to understanding why you need enough RAM for your programs. Around the Internet and in Magazines you can find recommended RAM amounts for typical users. You also will find many places proclaiming RAM as the best performance for your dollar upgrade. I don't disagree at all, but I want you to understand what RAM actually does, and why it can be such a valuable upgrade.I covered this subject briefly in the aworldofhelp Notebook Buyer's Guide on page 4. The information in that article is accurate, but I want to try to make things a little clearer here.The article is divided into four sections, covering:1. The functions of the three components we are discussing and their relative speeds2. Why you need RAM and what takes up RAM3. Multitasking and how RAM improves performance4. How much RAM you needCPU stands for Central Processing Unit. It is the brain of your computer. When you open a program, like Microsoft Word for example, the CPU reads through lines of computer code and follows the instructions so you can use your program. When you play an audio file like an MP3, the CPU has to do work to decompress it while it plays. When you edit a picture the CPU has to perform many calculations to make even the smallest changes.One thing to note is that the CPU actually does have a very small amount of memory in it. This is the fastest memory in a computer system, but it is so small it doesn't really affect this article. Generally speaking, the CPU doesn't store the information that makes up the program, MP3, or picture, it only processes it. The data has to be located somewhere in your computer, and the CPU has to find it and then retrieve it.That action, the problem of locating the data and how it affects your overall system performance is what this article is about.RAMRAM stands for Random Access Memory. This memory is very fast, and you will see it in sizes like 256 MB, 512 MB, or 1024 MB. When you turn off your computer, the contents are erased, so it is only temporary memory. This is where the CPU looks first to get data to process. So if you are editing a picture, and its data is in this RAM, because RAM is fast memory, editing the picture will happen relatively quickly.Hard DriveYour Hard Drive is where you store all of your programs, music, video, and everything you keep on your computer. This is the memory where you store your files that remain even after you turn your system off. You will see them in all sizes, now typically ranging from 30 GB, to hundreds of GB. Hard drives are very slow compared to your CPU and RAM because they are mechanical. Inside the disk there are actually small readers that physically move around to locate and read data.If you are editing a picture, the CPU will first look in RAM memory to see if it is there, because RAM is fast. If it isn't, the CPU will go to the hard drive and edit the picture there. Because your hard drive is so slow, this takes a much longer time than if the picture had been in RAM.Again, the CPU only stores a tiny bit of data, so it has to get it from somewhere to operate on. If the CPU has data to process, it will do so as fast as it can, but if it doesn't, the brain of your computer simply sits and waits doing nothing. Only after it finds and retrieves the data it needs can it process it.So ideally, you want your CPU to find data in the fastest place possible. As you can see, if the data is in RAM you are far better off than if it is in your hard disk because RAM is so much faster. Just take a look at the graph below. It shows the time it takes to access each memory type in nanoseconds.Clearly, your hard drive is slow, but when you look at the above graph, and you see the numbers it is based on below, you realize just how slow it is. Each is an approximate access time in nanoseconds:CPU 1 ns
RAM 60 ns
Hard Drive 10,000,000 nsIt should be clear why the bars for your CPU and RAM do not even show up on this graph, your hard drive is simply extremely slow.So why bother with a hard disk?Seeing that, you might think that it would be great if you could just use huge amounts of RAM instead of a hard disk. You are right, this would be a great situation, but as you might imagine, the faster the memory in your computer, the more expensive it is. RAM prices have come down significantly in recent years, but it will still cost you much more compared to Hard Drive space.Computers work within this constraint - that faster memory is more expensive - by looking in the fastest place for information first, then moving to slower locations only when they need to. So if you hear your hard drive making noise or you see a light telling you it is being accessed, you know the data could not be found in RAM.Now you know that the hard drive access that's going on is very slow, and that is the reason your CPU, and in turn you, have to wait.So now you know that you want lots of RAM, at least enough for all your programs, so you don't have to access your slow hard drive too often. But what actually uses your RAM, and how can you see whether your system has enough?Windows itself takes up a lot of RAM. Microsoft says Windows XP will run on a machine with 64 MB of RAM, though they recommend 128 MB or 256 MB. If you have even more RAM than that, and I recommend you do, Windows will use some of it as well.Everything that loads when you boot up your computer also uses RAM. What these programs are actually doing is putting themselves in to RAM, if enough is available, so that they can be used very quickly. The problem is when there isn't enough memory for all these programs, and your computer runs very slowly.On my machine these programs load when I turn on my computer:
AVG Antivirus
Scanner Software
Digital Camera Software
Gmail Notifier
AOL Instant Messenger
And some server software for testingThen, everything I run after the boot up uses more RAM. Whatever Internet Browser I use, for example, takes up RAM. Microsoft Word does too, as well as all my programs. To see how much RAM you have and how much free RAM you have, you can open up Task Manager by right clicking on the start menu and selecting it, it looks like this.On the right, in the Physical Memory section my RAM is listed. My total and available memory is listed, and as you can see, just booting my computer into Windows XP and loading all the things I do, I have less than half of my RAM available for other programs.Your system will probably have less total RAM, but you'll be able to see how much and how much you have free. You can easily find out how much ram you have by right clicking on "My Computer" and going to properties, but it's useful to see it here so you understand what the Task Manager is showing. You can use this tool to convert the number shown in "K" to a number that you may be more comfortable with, in "MB".K MBOn my computer, 1048040 K converts to 1023.4 MB, which is 1024 MB.Your own system may give you a number a few megabytes lower than the actual. For example, 252 instead of 256. That is normal, and is a result of something else, like a video chip, using a portion of the RAM. The actual RAM your programs has to work with is the number listed in the Task Manager.In my example, I have a hundreds of Megabytes of free RAM. I sometimes fill the RAM if I am video editing or photo editing, but beyond that, it is rare. This is a good thing though, remember the chart. If your RAM is full, your Hard Drive will be used more, and since it is so slow, your system will grind to near a halt.By looking at the Task Manager, you can get a good idea of how your system is running. If you have lots of available RAM, you are in good shape. But many systems I see actually have almost no free RAM, and this is what causes the system to use the hard disk instead and run slower. Note that the available RAM will generally never hit zero, but will fluctuate around very low numbers if your system is out of memory.Our example so far has been simplified to show how doing one thing on your computer needs memory. But a real benefit of having adequate memory is multitasking. Basically, if you are doing more than one thing at a time, you are multitasking. If you are reading this article and editing a picture at the same time, you are multitasking.Generally, if you can switch between two open programs on your machine very quickly, they both are loaded into RAM. In this case, you can likely see plenty of available memory in Task Manager. On my machine, since I have plenty of RAM, I switch between two or three Internet browsers, Excel, PowerPoint, Instant Messenger, my audio player, and more very quickly.On the other hand if you don't have enough RAM, even with just two programs open, when you switch between them your computer may slow down considerably. The program you are switching to is not in RAM, and the CPU is forced to get information from the hard disk. As you open more programs, the situation only gets worse. A check on task manager in this case will likely show very little free RAM, too little in fact to fit all your programs.How Much RAM do you need?The best answer is that you need enough RAM to run all your programs and multitask between them quickly. If your system is running well and you check Task Manager and have lots of available RAM, you are probably in good shape. If your system is slow switching between more than one program, look at the task manager and see if your available RAM is low. If it is, adding more will likely make your entire system run faster, just by fitting more programs into RAM.You'll be amazed how fixing this problem will improve you computing experience overall. That is the reason so many people talk about RAM as being the best upgrade for older systems.If you are buying a new computer 512 MB is a good amount of RAM for most users. If you edit a lot of pictures or video, or if you can just afford the upgrade, moving up to 1024 MB (1 GB) is not a bad idea. Memory prices are much lower than they used to be, and you'll have extra memory for more programs now. For most users, the biggest advantage to getting more RAM is that if you keep your computer for a long time, the extra RAM could save you an upgrade down the road.But how much RAM is too much? Well you won't really slow down your system by adding RAM. Typical systems currently can accommodate up to anywhere from 512 MB - 2 GB of RAM. The problem is, after you have enough RAM, adding more really doesn't get you much, if any performance gain.With that in mind, check back soon for an article comparing performance of common applications, including multitasking, with different amounts of RAM. We'll test from 256 MB to 1024MB, and you'll be able to see how all we've covered here has a real affect on the speed of your computer.Steve Perlow is the founder of aworldofhelp.com, where you can find the aworldofhelp Top Picks in desktop and notebook systems.Visit aworldofhelp.com to get answers from real people to your questions about technology, travel and more.

#ram #memory #drive #performance #speed #dimm #computer #system #multitasking
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ponad 3 tygodnie temu
***Thumb Drives - Great New Technology!*** The ability to ea unimarter UniMarter
***Thumb Drives - Great New Technology!***

The ability to easily move data from PC to PC with minimal inconvenience is just another benefit computers have brought to the current business world.Over the past few years, the different options to save and move data have multiplied dramatically. Usually the floppy disk (with it's 1.2 MB limitation), ZIP drives, CD-R's & CD-RW's, and even tape backups are the common ways to move data on non-networked PC's.The latest innovation, the USB Removable Flash Memory (Thumb Drive, Key Drive, Flash Drive, USB Drive, Micro Drive) brings a whole new meaning to easy transport of data. These USB compliant devices are small enough to fit on a key ring or carry in your shirt pocket.As a way to protect sensitive information, the security of one of these drives can't be beat. It's in your pocket!Their size belies a huge data storage volume; the current sizes start at 16MB and go up to 4GB. The pricing on these devices is steadily falling, making the purchase of one of these handy drives almost a must have item.Check out the accessories at your local computer store or go online to get the best deal.For very little cost you can now conveniently move data between PC's just as easily as accessing the data on your internal hard drive.? 2004 ODECMike Burstein has been helping the SOHO and Small Business community grow & prosper for over 20 years by solving start up problems, creating best practices, automating their offices, getting free publicity and dramatically increasing traffic and sales.Visit http: / / www.SOHOWiz.com for the latest FREE business tips.Email the Wiz at: SOHOWiz@SOHOWiz.com

#usb #thumb #drive #key #flash #micro #data #store #transport #security
@unimarter UniMarter Blog@unimarter
ponad 3 tygodnie temu
***A Portable Office Set Up*** The office that follows you e unimarter UniMarter
***A Portable Office Set Up***

The office that follows you everywhere and is always there when you need it, and not there when you don't. But how does this wonderful portable office come about? Is it some weird set up with strict rules? Hardly! I'm going to show you how to set up a portable office using computing accessories you probably already have.

Laptop. Yes, I said laptop, not PDA. PDA's have their uses, but sometimes you need an easy to use input system (that would be the keyboard), long life, plenty of space and extendibility. Ah yes, the laptop. The lower strength version of your desktop computer. Anything above 700MHz-1GHz should be plenty. After all, if it's just for some simple data entry, research and the like, you don't need anything more than that. You could probably get by on half of that too. Make sure to password protect the BIOS (if you're not sure how, get a knowledgeable friend to do this) and have strong passwords on your operating system log in. Just in case of theft.USB ?Flash? Drive. These little things are absolutely wonderful. So light, so portable and so much capacity for so little. You could use these for data backup (you do make backups, don't you?), for primary storage instead of using the laptop's (see above) hard drive, or if you buy two (2) or more, you could have one for primary storage and another for backup. The advantages to this is, once again, in case of theft, greater security because once you're finished using the laptop, you can put your USB drive into your pocket where it's safe and carry on doing what you need to. Another of the advantages is that if you can't use your desktop computer or laptop for whatever reason, you can just use a friend's computer or visit an internet cafe, plug in your drive and continue working. With added software, you can even encrypt everything on the drive so only you can see and access the files on there, once again, in case of theft. Get the highest capacity ones you can afford. A typical 256MB USB Flash drive can hold over 120 average documents and images. That's pretty good, isn't it?Email. I would imagine this goes without saying. Whether it's provided by your ISP (Internet Service Provider), a free email provider or other specialised provider, you will need to have an email account. Preferably two. One for business emails, one for personal emails. I recommend purchasing a domain for your business email, as it looks more professional and your customers will see that you are running a serious business. Your personal address could even be located also at your domain, but using a different address. For example, your.name@yourdomain.com is perfect for business, while yourfirstname@yourdomain.com or yournickname@yourdomain.com is fine for personal use, where mostly friends and family will be contacting you. If you choose to subscribe to different email lists that are related to your industry, create another account or use a forwarder. It will help in case of sudden spamming to your address and will help keep you more organised when you next press your email client's button to send / receive. Web-based access is a must as well. It's alright to use a client like Mozilla Thunderbird, but for times when you can't have your computer with you, you can always just log in to your web-based facility and still be able to check to see if that important email you are waiting for has come in.Online File Storage. This can be particularly important. You could use this to backup your USB drive or to upload documents that are particularly important and don't want to risk being without your laptop or USB drive and will absolutely need access to certain files. You can upload them to an online file storage provider. These providers will let you use a certain amount of space on their servers to store whatever you need. Basically like an online briefcase. The capacity for these services can range from 1-2MB up to and over 50MB. Choose one based upon how many files you will need storing, your budget and use Google or Clusty to read some reviews to make sure you pick the right provider. Some providers combine your email and an online file storage service into one, so when you receive an email attachment, you can directly send it to your online file folder for extra backup an / or to better organise your files. These services truly are great.
As you can see, using a combination of the above can mean that you're not isolated to your computer at home, and travelling professionals never need to feel afraid of losing work or accidentally leaving something behind. I mention theft a few times to make you aware that a portable office means less damage is done (besides the cost of the laptop) in case of theft, it is a reality, but probably unlikely, if you're careful. You can carry your ?office? with you conveniently or find internet access somewhere from a cafe or kiosk and quickly get the files you need. With xDSL becoming more and more common, it's now even easier to get what you need from the information superhighway when you need it. Geeks may enjoy being ?confined? to their PC, but for the rest of the population, a portable office set up may be just what one needs.Martin Coleman is a freelance writer and obsessed with computer technologies. Contact him via http: / / www.martincoleman.com to ask him how his knowledge of computing and his skills of translating the technical into laymen's english can help your website and business.

#portable #mobile #office #computing #computer #internet #email #usb #drive #storage #theft #pda
@unimarter UniMarter Blog@unimarter
ponad 3 tygodnie temu
***Find Your Laptop Drivers Easily!*** Many people, especial unimarter UniMarter
***Find Your Laptop Drivers Easily!***

Many people, especially beginners, struggle in finding drivers for their laptops. In this article, I will illustrate two ways to help you find your laptop drivers quickly, and easily.The first method we will consider is to visit a company's website, and attempt to find a 'Drivers' or 'downloads' link. If a similar link is not immediately apparent, look for a search box. Most laptop companies have a search box somewhere on the homepage of their website. Type the model number of your laptop into the search box and click search. Typically, you will be sent to an overview of the model you have entered. Look for 'Downloads' or 'Drivers' links. Hopefully, if this link is available, you can follow it to find the necessary drivers for your laptop.For example, say you have a Dell Latitude D600 laptop, for which you wish to locate updated drivers. The first step is to visit Dell's website. From the first page, click on the 'Drivers and Downloads' section.After clicking on the 'Drivers and Downloads' link, we choose the required model. In our example, it is Latitude. Then we enter the model number (D600), followed by selecting our operating system. The Dell website will show a list of available drivers and software updates for your model. Select the driver you wish, and click 'Download'. What if you do not know the website of your laptop's manufacturer? Or, perhaps when visiting the website, you couldn't find the 'Downloads and Drivers' section? A second method for locating laptop drivers would be to visit Google (www.google.com), and entering, "Download (manufacturer) (model name and number) [type] driver" or "[type] driver for (manufacturer) (model name or number)" into the query box, substituting your own manufacturer, model name and number.For example, if we wished to find the sound card for a Dell Latitude D600 laptop, we could go to Google. We would enter either of the following queries:-"Download Dell Latitude D600 soundcard Drivers"
-"soundcard driver for Dell Latitude D600"The driver download page for you laptop should appear near the top of the results returned by Google. Follow the link to the driver page, and proceed to download the drivers you need. These two methods should make it easy to locate the drivers you need for your laptop. Good Luck!? 2006 GammaLaptops.comFor more information on laptops, notebooks, laptop news, drivers, laptop manuals, parts, tips, articles, guides and more visit ==>http: / / www.GammaLaptops.com

#laptops #notebooks #laptopnews #drivers #parts #tips #articles #guides #laptopmanuals
@unimarter UniMarter Blog@unimarter
ponad 3 tygodnie temu
***How To: Windows Updates*** Get All the Updates It seems unimarter UniMarter
***How To: Windows Updates***

Get All the Updates
It seems like every other week we hear about another security breach in Windows or that another worm has disrupted businesses worldwide. Microsoft Windows has always been known for its many exploitable security holes. New updates are made available for Windows all the time. Make sure you are getting them all.Thankfully, Windows comes with a great update distribution and installation program, Windows Update. Most people using Windows don?t seem to be aware of this utility. Microsoft runs a website which can only be accessed by Internet Explorer. All versions of Windows from 95 through XP can receive updates automatically from this site.Get Updatin'
To get started open http: / / www.windowsupdate.com in Internet Explorer. You may have to install a few updates before you can use the service. Just follow the simple on-screen instructions. You will then be given the option of Express or Custom. Express will automatically install all of the high priority updates, so if nothing else at least do the Express update.If you choose to do a Custom update you will be given the option of installing several categories of updates that either increase the performance of your PC or add new features to Windows. The high priority updates will already be selected for download. It is generally a good idea to get everything under the Software category. Don?t just blindly add updates though. Give the description of each update a quick glance before checking the box next to it. If it sounds like something you don?t want or need, then leave it behind.I would leave the Hardware category to more advanced users. These driver updates tell Windows how to use each part of your computer to its greatest potential, but some driver updates are not updates at all. They may be older versions than the ones already installed on your PC! Certain drivers may make certain functions of your computer stop working or change a setting that you can?t locate. If you want the latest driver you should contact your PC manufacturer.Just checking an update does not install it to your machine. You will need to click the "Review and install updates" link to review your choices. When you are ready, click the Install Updates button to begin downloading and installing all the updates you chose. Generally the updates will be installed without the need for your input, though a few of the updates may ask you some questions. Also be aware, some updates can only be installed alone. If you add one of these to be installed it will save your other updates for another visit. These are usually the big important updates such as service packs and updates to DirectX. After all updates are installed the program will ask you to reboot.After installing a bunch of updates it is generally a good idea to head back over to the Windows Update site. Sometimes installing updates will cause even more updates to become available to you. So make sure you get all the newest updates as well.Automatic Updates
Microsoft bundled Windows XP with Automatic Updates which, as the name suggests, will automatically update your version of Windows with the latest high-priority updates. Some find this program annoying as it can interrupt work or a game at the worst time. It can be useful for users who don?t wish to spend the time necessary to keep up with all the updates at Windows Update.You can make sure Automatic Updates is enabled, change the schedule on which it operates, or disable it by double-clicking the Automatic Updates icon in the Control Panel. Keep in mind Automatic Updates only installs the high priority updates. If you want the increased performance or added features optional updates can bring, then make sure you do a custom update at Windows Update.This article is from http: / / www.home-help-desk.com where articles, howtos, and faqs are posted to assist the everyday PC user. Topics include spyware, security, hardware upgrades, tweaks, and general computer usage tips. All advice is given in a step-by-step manner so almost anyone can have their computer running in top form.

#windowsupdate #updates #drivers #servicepack #install #automaticupdates #security #worms #virus
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ponad 3 tygodnie temu
***Why to Look for Disc Spanning When Choosing Your Home / Office unimarter UniMarter
***Why to Look for Disc Spanning When Choosing Your Home / Office Backup Software***

Fifteen years ago, increasing numbers of people had computers, but their important data consisted of small documents and perhaps a few basic programs. To backup all they needed was several blank floppy discs and a compression utility. Even a "power user" might find themselves with two megabytes of data to preserve.As we collect more and more important data, our backup needs are growing. Like in the past, we still have easily compressible documents, but bulky multimedia files as well, like videos, graphics and music. Doubtless this kind of data needs protection - the first pictures or a home video of a newborn baby might exist only as binary code on a hard drive. If your hard drive fails and there's no backup - unlike with traditional film - those digital memories could be lost forever. Nowdays it's common to find full system backups of hundreds of thousands files, ranging between 30 and 120 gigabytes (GB). The problem is where to store this data.There are a number of media types available to most computer users for their backup purposes. Many businesses use magneto-optical or large-capacity tape drives for their daily and weekly backups. With very high capacities, these drives are technically impressive, but the media is usually very expensive. The common backup media for home and office includes CD / DVD discs, dedicated internal drives and external hard drives that exist in capacities over one terabyte (1TB) with fast Firewire 800 and USB 2.0 interfaces. Companies like Iomega found little home market success with smaller drives such as the Jaz (1-2GB) and Rev (35GB) series.Where cost is a priority, a better option for home and small business users is often disc spanning, where cheap blank media can be used to the same effect as a tape or a dedicated drive. The benefits in cost of disc spanning are easily measurable. For a 20GB backup set the cost per gigabyte (CPG) will be as cheap as 33c for a DVD-RW disc, compared with up to $6 per gigabyte for an external hard drive of comparable size. Even for a larger backup of 250GB the optimal cost per gigabyte for external hard drive will be around 80 cents, still twice more than for a DVD-RW disc. A large internal drive can have a similar cost to a DVD-RW disc, but unless you make enough backup sets to fill it, your excess disk space is effectively wasted. In this sense, disc spanning is an attractive and economical option.This table summarizes the cost per gigabyte for different types of storage media and various backup sets: http: / / www.softwaretalks.com / files / cpg.gif.Moreover, disc spanning is simple. All you need is to choose the files, obtain some blank discs, and a good backup program will inform you of the total size, and how many media units are required for backup. Since a CD / DVD writing drive became a part of a basic PC configuration, you don't need to fiddle around switching external devices, adding hard discs, installing drivers and playing other "hardware games". The ability to store your backups on discs offsite is also a major advantage.Not only is disc spanning a cheap, simple and flexible backup method, but it is also one of the most reliable backup forms today. Modern optical storage media has a shelf life of at least 30 years and some manufacturers even offer 100 year guarantees. Compared to an average lifespan of 5-7 years for hard drives and up to 20 years for a magnetic tape, optical discs are very long-lived. Disc spanning makes it possible that our backups will outlive ourselves.Finally, this backup method continues to gain popularity as technology develops. Next-generation forms of blue-laser discs using organic dyes, such as the Sony Blu-ray format (between 23GB and 54GB) and Toshiba's HD-DVD, will further reduce the cost of removable media, meaning that inexpensive and simple backups are within the reach of everyone.http: / / www.softwaretalks.com / disc-spanning

#backup #disc #spanning #software #data #cd #dvd #program #storage #file #drive #utility #disk
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ponad 3 tygodnie temu
***Updated Notes and Concerns Regarding Windows Update*** Al unimarter UniMarter
***Updated Notes and Concerns Regarding Windows Update***

Although in my previous article I may have made mention to the disadvantages of using Windows Update, lately I have noticed other things about the software that give it both merit and further thought.Recently I worked on my Dad's new PC after he tried to switch the ram in his old one while it was on and wound up frying the mainboard, and I noticed a couple things about Windows Update. His girlfriend made sure that his copy of Windows XP home was completely up to date; installing just about every update that existed.While I tried to explain to her that this was a somewhat paranoid way of protecting his PC, I noticed that without SP2 certain functions of his PC would be disabled, or not work as well as they should. You may notice this as well. For example, if you have a ATI Radeon card and would like the newest drivers - the manufacturer website recommends having SP2 installed as they work best with that platform.Recently I was also working on a friend of the family's PC. It was a IBM Thinkcenter PC; and his USB, audio, and VGA drivers were not working properly. This could be fixed easily with a motherboard system disk, but he didn't have that. I visited the IBM website to get the right drivers, and it mentioned that the USB drivers were in SP2. As he had a pirated version of XP and could not download SP2, I had to install a stock version of SP2 I had with me.After that, his USB port worked fine. So, to re-iterate: Windows Update is nessecary, most definetly, for updating to new service packs. Also, windows update is also very useful for finding drivers you might need for legacy devices and onboard devices. For more information related to finding drivers for legacy / onboard devices, refer to my guide on that topic.Other then that - security updates - not all of them are completely nessecary. I will be writing an article on security updates shortly, so check back soon.I am a young, aspiring computer engineer into Internet Marketing, hardware, software, web design, SEO and just about anything related to computers. Please come check out my growing PC forum at http: / / www.markspcforum.com

#windowsupdate #microsoft #microsoftwindowsupdate #computertechsupport #drivers #servicepack
@unimarter UniMarter Blog@unimarter
ponad 3 tygodnie temu
***Device Driver Basics*** Most people understand that the
***Device Driver Basics***

Most people understand that the "hardware" part of their computer is the real physical parts, like the keyboard, mouse, modem, hard drive and so on. They understand that the "software" is computer bits stored on the hard drive, CD-ROM, or other storage media. But most people are a little hazy about exactly what a "driver" is.In this article, I'm going to reveal in plain English what a driver is, why we need drivers, and exactly where the drivers are hiding. To give you a basic understanding, I'm going to go back, way back, to the early days of computers.The Early DaysThe year is 1981 and the world is in the midst of a severe resession. IBM's main frame business has slowed and the company is losing money. Up until now they had been laughing at the array of microcomputers on the market: Atari, Commodore, sinclair. Toys really, mostly used to play computer games.The problem was, these "toys" were selling like hot cakes. IBM had to get into that market and get into it fast. They didn't have time to design and build a computer complete enough to compete in the market, so they built an "open system". They used commonly available electronic components and they published every design detail (including the code), and they even provided plug in slots so that others could build components for their computer.And people did provide components for the IBM PC. They provided video cards, memory expansion cards, input-output port cards, game port cards, hard disk interface cards, and much more. How were all these various devices able to interface with the PC's operating system? That's where a "driver" comes in.A hardware device is constructed with various electronic components using various control signals, but the software interface to the operating system is standardized. A device's interface to the operating system must follow the interface specification. A driver is a piece of software that translates the hardware's control signals to signals that the operating system expects, and translates signals from the operating system to the hardware's control signals.When the computer is started up, it would look in the "system" directory for files with the extension ".drv" and load them into memory. Specific files like autoexec.bat, config.sys, and win.ini were used to inform the operating system about drivers. Hardware would be configured through these files, or through jumpers located on the device itself.The driver specification evolved along with the PC. Today when a PC starts, it executes the program ntdetect.com which queries the hardware components and builds the registery key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINEHARDWARESYSTEMCurrentControlSet. This key exists only in memory and is created each time the computer boots. If all the drivers are loaded successfully, a copy of the key is saved as ControlSet00X.Under the registery key CurrentControlSet, the subkey "Enum" contains a subkey for each harware device on the computer. Each device key contains fields for Hardware ID, Driver ID, Device Parameters, and other configuration data. The 32-bit drivers are files with the extension ".sys" and can be found in the folder C: / winnt / system32.Driver SigningMicrosoft has been the brunt of much criticism because of the poor reliability of the Windows Operating System. I feel that much of this criticism is justified. On the other hand, as I described in part 1 of this article, the PC was designed by IBM as an "open" system. Anyone can sell a hardware device (or software) for the PC. Should Microsoft be held responsible for the quality from a third-party?As I described in Part 1 of this article, the operating system doesn't interface directly to a hardware device. There is a piece of software called a "driver" that translates the hardware's control signals to signals that the operating system expects, and translates signals from operating system to the hardware's control signals. Obviously, the hardware manufacturer provides the driver.Because the driver works between the operating system and the hardware, a bug in the driver can cause a serious problem. Many of the problems with Windows have come from bugs in third-party drivers that Microsoft had nothing to do with. For this reason, Microsoft created a Hardware Quality Lab to test drivers. A hardware manufacturer can submit their driver for testing, and if it is passes rigorous compatibility testing, it receives Microsoft's digital signature.You may have received a message during the installation of a hardware device warning that the driver was not signed. Why would a hardware manufacturer fail to have their driver certified by Microsoft? The computer hardware market is very competitive and the manufacturer might want to bring a new product to market before thorough testing can be completed. Or maybe they don't want to or can't afford to pay Microsoft for certification. The question is, should you click on the "Continue" button to install the unsigned driver?In my experience, I have never been able to trace a problem to an unsigned driver. If it's your home computer and you performed a back-up recently, go ahead and install the unsigned driver. If it's a computer on a corporate network, you may want to back-out of the installation and see if you can locate a signed driver first. Many times a manufacturer will release a product with an unsigned driver, then later provide a signed driver as a free download from their website.If you decide to go ahead and install an unsigned driver, you can always update the driver later. If your computer works with the unsigned driver, I would not update the driver. When it comes to updating drivers (or the computers BIOS) I go by the old saying, "if it ain't broke don't fix it".To update a driver, select Start | Settings | Control Panel and double-click on the "System Properties" Utility. In the "System Properties" Utility, select the "Hardware" tab and click on the "Device Manager" button. In the "Device Manager" window, right-click on the device in the list and select "Properties" in the popup menu. In the "Properties" dialog box, select the driver tab and click on the "Update Driver..." button.In the "Properties" dialog box driver tab, you may have noticed the "Roll Back Driver" button. If your computer has problems with the new drive, you can click on the "Roll Back Driver" button to roll back to the previous the driver. Driver roll back saves only one previous driver, so if you update a driver, then update it again, the original driver is gone. If the computer has problems with the new driver, always roll back to the original driver before trying a different one. That way you'll always have the original driver to roll back to.Copyright(C) Bucaro TecHelp.Permission is granted for the below article to forward, reprint, distribute, use for ezine, newsletter, website, offer as free bonus or part of a product for sale as long as no changes are made and the byline, copyright, and the resource box below is included.About The AuthorStephen BucaroTo learn how to maintain your computer and use it more effectively to design a Web site and make money on the Web visit bucarotechelp.com To subscribe to Bucaro TecHelp Newsletter visit http: / / bucarotechelp.com / search / 000800.asp

#drivers #devicedrivers #softwaredrivers #personalcomputer #computertechsoftware
@unimarter UniMarter Blog@unimarter
ponad 3 tygodnie temu
***What To Do If You Receive A
***What To Do If You Receive A "Drive Not Formatted" Error Message***

Many computer users have experienced it, and unfortunately it can arrive at any time whether your computer is new or old. The dreaded "Drive not formatted. Do you want to format now?" error message. It can happen quickly and without warning leaving many users wondering what to do.
The data on the hard drive still exists, but a wrong response to this error message can damage or delete the existing data.The "Drive not formatted. Do you want to format now?" error message generally indicates a corrupted partition, deleted partition or damaged partition. This can occur for many different reasons including a computer virus, power surge, software installation or software that partitions the hard drive.If you receive this type of error message, it is important that you act carefully to keep your important data intact. It is important that you: 1) do NOT say "yes" to format the drive; 2) do NOT attempt to repartition the hard drive; and 3) do NOT attempt any "do it yourself" data recovery techniques.A successful data recovery depends on how you respond to the "Drive not formatted" error message.
In most cases, a data recovery company can recover data from a system displaying this error message.This article can be freely published on a website however it must not be modified in any way including the author bylines, and the hyperlink must be made active as shown below.Andrea Stone is employed with ReWave Hard Drive Recovery, a data recovery company serving clients in cities worldwide including Atlanta, Charlotte, Dallas, Durham, Greensboro, Houston, Jacksonville, Little Rock, Los Angeles, Memphis, Miami, Nashville, New Orleans, New York City, Orlando, Phoenix, Raleigh, Richmond, San Antonio, San Diego, Tampa, Virginia Beach, and Winston-Salem. Visit the ReWave Hard Drive Recovery website for more information about data recovery.

#drivenotformatted #damagedpartition #corruptedpartition #datarecovery #formatnow #recoverdata
@unimarter UniMarter Blog@unimarter
ponad 3 tygodnie temu
***Building Computers: A Short History Lesson*** In only a f unimarter UniMarter
***Building Computers: A Short History Lesson***

In only a few years, the task of building your own computer has gone through remarkable changes, almost entirely for the good. It?s less complicated, and far less prone to the devilish sort of problems presented by certain steps in the process.One of the most notable improvements has to do with the motherboard. Once, all of those different ports you see on the back of your computer had to be connected to the motherboard by ribbon cables. None of them were "hard wired". Often, this great mass of cables had to be plugged into a cluster of ports on the motherboard that were all jammed together right beside the power supply. I called this "wrestling the squid". It took extreme dexterity to get the last one or two cables in place.Building a computer required a lot more circuit cards back then. You had to have either an IDE or SCSI I / O card as controller for the hard drive, floppy, and printer port. You had to have a sound card, modem, network card, capture card, in short, a card for about everything you wanted to do.Your video card could be upgraded by adding RAM chips to the card itself!The toughest problem was loading the operating system. This was a multi-step task. First, you booted up from a MS-DOS floppy, and installed its files on your hard drive. It enabled you to load the driver for the CD-ROM. Then, with the CD-ROM going, you could install Windows.The trouble was that the driver programs supplied by the CD-ROM manufacturers were very flaky. Often, they either wouldn?t load, or went haywire shortly after installation. Without the driver, there was no CD-ROM, without the CD, no Windows. (Unless you had the set of 10 floppies that Windows was distributed on for a while, but that?s another story.)Michael Quarles is the author of Building a PC for Beginners.

#CD -ROM #Windows #IDE #SCSI #MS -DOS #RAM #drivers
@unimarter UniMarter Blog@unimarter
ponad 3 tygodnie temu
***Stategies For Data Loss Prevention*** Many years ago I de unimarter UniMarter
***Stategies For Data Loss Prevention***

Many years ago I developed a strategy for building a customers' home PC in a way that helps avoid future technical support problems and increases customer satisfaction. Part of that strategy is partitioning the hard drive in a way that can prevent data loss when Windows crashes. By creating multiple partitions, the operating system can be installed on it's own primary partition, allowing user created data to be saved on another partition. When the operating system crashes or becomes corrupt, data saved to logical drive partitions are not affected. If needed, the primary partition containing the operating system can be formatted or the OS reinstalled without the loss of saved data.Drawbacks to the multiple partition strategy:As we all know, the Windows operating system automatically saves files to the C: drive, leaving the user with the responsibility of making sure their files are saved on a separate partition. Let's face facts. Unless a file is saved to the Windows Desktop folder the average user will not be able to find it. The Windows default path for a users documents and settings can be changed to another drive partition but that does not cure the problem since user installed programs save to the C: drive by default. In reality, the multiple partition strategy only works with advanced users who are not too lazy to save their work in a safe place.What is an advanced user?Until recently my idea of an advanced Windows user was a user who had a great deal of knowledge about the inner workings of computer hardware and software. To become more in line with the PC industry definition of an ?Advanced User? I have redefined my definition of an advanced user. An advanced user can be determined by answering one simple question; Does the user understand the file system? A Windows user is advanced if she / he can save a file to a specific folder and then find that file with Windows Explorer. Finding a file with the application that created it does not count.The multiple partition strategy works great for advanced users and gives technicians some peace of mind. Average users on the other hand, require other more hands on alternatives such as backup scheduling. Unless a technician wants to visit a customer on a regular basis to do periodic maintenance an auto backup schedule should be implemented. It is not wise to leave the data backup task in the hands of an average user for many reasons.Creating a Strategy:To create your own strategy take into consideration how the PC will be used and the skill level of the intended users and the hardware available. Try to set up automatic backups using Windows Task Manager or 3rd party backup software if users are average or new to computers. You might also consider a CD or DVD backup strategy. An online backup service is a good choice for users with a broadband internet connection. No matter what strategy you use, make backups as easy and simple as possible. The more hands free your backup strategy is, the more likely you will avoid data loss.We are often reminded about the importance of backing up our data and I am not immune to procrastination. To stress the importance of making backups, keep this in mind. Your hard disk will fail, sooner or later, are you ready?( For more information about custom PC building strategy see... http: / / bytepowered.org / build_computer_plan_1.php )Lyle Cochran is a PC technician with over 10 years experience and webmaster of Cheap Computer Solutions, where you can learn the secret to finding cheap computer hardware parts and retailers online. The number one site for cheap computer how-to shopping guides. Download your free

#HardDrivePartitioning #DrivePartitioning #Partitioning #databackup #backupdata #preventdataloss #d
@unimarter UniMarter Blog@unimarter
ponad 3 tygodnie temu
***Floppies-The Portables of the Past - YRU Still Using Floppies? unimarter UniMarter
***Floppies-The Portables of the Past - YRU Still Using Floppies?***

Floppy disks have been in use for decades and have served us well. They can hold 1.44 megabytes of information and are more or less infinitely re-writeable. (Till they inexplicably de-format themselves just when you need them most).New computers today are usually sold without floppy drives. This can be annoying if you have been saving data on floppies. Why should you give it all up? Well, maybe you shouldn’t. It is nice to have that option. But these days you have many other ways to portate data. (I like the sound of that; “portate data“. I wonder if that phrase is copyrightable).So, what are your options?1. CDs. Cds hold 700 or more megabytes of stuff. If you buy them on sale in bulk you can pay less than 20 cents apiece. Of course you will want to have paper or plastic sleeves so that adds to the cost. Let’s say a total of 50 cents maximum. Cheaper than toothpaste at a dollar store.2. DVDs. This is not really a useful portating option unless you want to load up gigantic amounts of data to take from home to the office or to home from the office. Then it certainly is worthwhile, but you should see a therapist if you are doing that.3. Digital Card Drives. You can buy a small digital card drive (The kind cameras use) for a few dollars. It can hold at least 8 megabytes of data and is easy to lose in your pocket. Nifty for small needs and can even be sent by surface mail (I refuse to say “snail mail”) if you are too dumb (scratch ‘dumb’, replace with ‘techno-ignorant’ or ‘digitally-phobic‘) to email the data. You may also need to carry a card reader with you though most recent computers have them built in.4. USB Flash Drive. The cost of these little key chain drives is so low now you can afford to give them out like peanuts. Well, maybe not peanuts, but, well, let’s say a dozen roses, the cheap kind at the supermarket. A USB Flash Drive is utterly rewritable and real handy. Just about every computer in the modern world has at least two USB ports so the drive is almost universally usable. This may be the single best replacement for the floppy.5. Mini-hard drive. About the size of a small matchbox, this device can hold multi-gigabytes of data. Costs less than $200 and can store half your world in the palm of your hand. A far cry from a floppy but our needs do change in this fast growing world.6. Storage on the web. You can easily find places to store your data on the web. If nothing else you can email yourself the data and have it sitting there when you want to retrieve it. You can even send it to several places in case of apocalyptic disaster on one or more of them.So, you can still use floppies; who is to stop you, but you have lots of other choices which probably will serve you better. If you are looking for a pile of used ones, I can get ‘em for you wholesale. Formatability not guaranteed.Happy transporting. (Make that ‘portating’)Jack Wilson is a writer and artist from Los Angeles and Phoenix.http: / / www.geocities.com / galimatio / jackwilson.html

#floppies #floppy #disc #disk #usb #flash #drive #CD #DVD #card #storage #portability #portable #carry #home #office
@unimarter UniMarter Blog@unimarter
ponad 3 tygodnie temu
***Don't Toss Those Floppies!*** I am ashamed to admit it, b unimarter UniMarter
***Don't Toss Those Floppies!***

I am ashamed to admit it, but I have only recently joined the 21st century where computer technology is concerned. Despite the world zooming ever-faster toward technology that continues to shrink while growing more powerful, I held on to my practically outdated form of data storage. While more modern personal computers outfitted with CD-RW and DVD+RW hard drives were flowing off the personal computer assembly line, I clung to my PC that boasted a Windows ME operating system, a CD hard drive, and?(drumroll)?a floppy disk drive.It's true--I have just made the leap toward owning a more modern PC within the last two years. But, my leap only occurred because a thunderstorm ended up frying the modem of my old PC. Sure, I could have had the internal modem replaced, or gotten an external modem, but I decided against both of those choices. So, my antiquated but beloved PC was finally pried from my hands, and I entered a new phase of data storage, kicking and screaming along the way.But the possession of a more modern PC, one with a CD-Writer / DVD-ROM combo hard drive, expansion bay, and other slots for certain types of storage disks that I will probably never use, left me perplexed, at first, and in a dire state, as I wondered how I would ever be able to access the data stored on my floppy disks.I remained worried until a simple solution hit me over the head, at last.Before I share that solution, though, here are some uses that I considered for my antiquated but beloved floppy disks:1. pairs of one of a kind earrings

2. coasters

3. ashtrays

4. paper weights

5. Frisbees

6. wall decorations

7. tea cup saucers

8. rulers

9. puzzle pieces

10. gemstones of one of a kind necklacesNow, as promised, here is that simple solution: an external floppy disk drive.I can see you rolling your eyes and asking is that it?! Well, yes, that's it. Since my new personal computer did not sport a floppy disk drive, I fretted about what I would do with my floppies and how I would access the data stored on the floppies until I discovered external floppy disk drives through research. After conducting a little more research, I decided to purchase an external floppy disk drive from an online store whose site made me feel safe in using my credit card. Three days after making my purchase, I received my external floppy drive.If you find yourself in my former position, then try to conduct a bit of your own research to find the external floppy disk drive that suits your data storage needs and purchase that drive. Like me, you won't have to toss your floppies, after all.I have come to embrace more modern technology, storing data on rewriteable compact discs and flash drives, but I also still find comfort in seeing an external floppy disk drive plugged into its USB 2.0 port on my new personal computer.? C. M. CliftonC. M. Clifton is an author on http: / / www.Writing.Com / which is a site for Creative Writing.

#computers #hardware #floppies #floppy #disks #disk #drive #PC #personal
@unimarter UniMarter Blog@unimarter
ponad 3 tygodnie temu
***Drive for Show - Golf Tip*** For Golf Driving TipsDrive f unimarter UniMarter
***Drive for Show - Golf Tip***

For Golf Driving TipsDrive for show and putt for dough was a phrase that I often hear over and over again.
This is a phrase that comes into play for Golf Driving Tips because this refers to how important driving is to your game of golf. If you don?t drive for show and put the ball right down the middle in the fairway you may not ever get to putt for dough.One of the most unique golf clubs in the bag is the driver. Several golf driving tips that have helped me drive the ball better have been:1-Prepare on the driving range by making sure you are aiming correctly by laying out your stance outline on the ground and aiming directly at a target mark.2-Use a longer length driver and or jumbo head if it is comfortable and efficient for you.3-While prepping up after a long winter, use a adjustable weighted club to work up to your full muscle strength intermingled with trips to the bubble or heated driving ranges to be ready for your spring golf.4-Make sure you concentrate on hitting the ball straight even if you have to give up a few yards.5-There is nothing more beautiful than hitting a long straight drive right down the middle of the fairway between the trees. Visualize this before each drive.Another golf driving tip is when you are driving a golf cart. Please drive carefully.The next round of golf that you play, visualize ahead of time how great it will be to start off the first hole with a long drive straight down then center of the fairway. Go for it.If you want to enjoy and play golf better, you must drive for show by practicing golf driving tips.Please visit www.4golftips.com

#Driver #Golf #Long #Straight #Middle
@unimarter UniMarter Blog@unimarter
ponad 3 tygodnie temu
***Quickly Improve Your Golf Swing With A Golf Swing Analyzer*** unimarter UniMarter
***Quickly Improve Your Golf Swing With A Golf Swing Analyzer***

A golf swing analyzer is a very useful device to help you to improve your golfing game by improving your golf swing. Although it is not the same as getting feedback from a real golfing professional a swing analyzer still works well at improving your drive. Besides, there are not many of us that can have a real professional on call whenever we would like a bit of instruction. They are very useful in bringing things to your attention that you would not usually notice if you were just practicing your swing. A golf swing analyzer is a device that analyzes your golf swing, either by the movement of your club or through a video and tells you what you can do to make your swing better.There are different types of golf swing analyzers, but the real difference is in the cost. If you are just buying a golf swing analyzer to use at home then you are not likely to be spending the type of money that a golf clubhouse or country club would be spending on an analyzer. You can buy a fairly straightforward golf swing analyzer for a few hundred dollars or less that is just attached to your club when you swing and that can tell from the movement how your swing could be improved.There are also more expensive analyzers where you video your swing and then load it into your computer. It is then run through a software program that analyzes your golf swing for the direction, speed, and angle of the shot. It can also project the direction and accuracy of the shot. This means that it has a much greater amount of data to analyze than with the cheaper models and for this reason is much more likely to be able to give a more comprehensive analysis of your golf swing. The more expensive machines at golf centers use a much more sophisticated technology. The shots are actually hit at a target and a camera records this from several angles so that an accurate picture can be made of the golfer's swing and technique.A golf swing analyzer can be a really good way to improve your game and no matter what type you use, it can help you to understand the best way to make your swing better. Naturally, if you get your swing right then it is a great part of improving your whole game and a good golf swing analyzer is a great way to help you. Don't forget that you have to try to use the information that it gives you in practice so that you can really make your swing better.Timothy Gorman is a successful Webmaster and publisher of Golf-Swing-Improvement.com He provides more golf swing tips, putting tips and more information on golf swing analyzers that you can research in your pajamas on his website.

#golfswinganalyzer #golfing #swing #professional #golfer #improve #lower #game #score #shot #drive
@unimarter UniMarter Blog@unimarter
ponad 3 tygodnie temu
***Harness The Biomechanics Of Your Golf Swing To Improve Your Go unimarter UniMarter
***Harness The Biomechanics Of Your Golf Swing To Improve Your Golf Game***

The perfect golf swing is something that every golfer aspires to obtain and there have been a lot of books written on the subject to improving the biomechanics of our golf swing. Of course, as with most things, a lot of it is down to the amount of work that you put in to practice improving your golf swing. Even if you buy the best golfing book in the world it is unlikely that you are going to make a very significant improvement to your golf swing unless you put in a great deal of time, effort and practice. Naturally, if you are prepared to put in the extra effort then it is well worth trying to make your swing better as this will have a beneficial effect on your whole golf game.One of the most important parts of trying to improve your golf swing is to try to improve the way that you stand when you are addressing the ball. If you are standing the wrong way then no matter how much effort you put in to your swing you will not be getting the best out of your shot. It is important to make sure that you are comfortable in the way that you are standing and that your muscles are relaxed and that your center of gravity is low. When you are starting your back swing, try to make sure that your hips and back are turning well and in proportion, so that when you swing all of this energy can be transmitted into greater energy. Harnessing the biomechanics of your golf swing will greatly improve the distance of your drive and its accuracy.When you start to swing make sure that your body gradually unwinds so that all of the energy that was stored in the back swing can be brought into the shot and the drive will be much more powerful. The more level and balanced you are when you hit the ball, the more accurate your shot is likely to be. When you actually make contact with the ball then around 85-95% of your weight should be on your leading foot. After you make contact with the ball you should follow through smoothly to allow the body to slow down and relax the muscles.Getting your golf swing right is a very important part of the game and the biomechanics of golf swings are very important. The best way to improve is to get some real instruction from a professional golf instructor instead of trying to learn it from a book or video. Of course, what you really need to do to improve your swing is to devote the necessary time needed for practice. Then you should see some real improvements to your game.Timothy Gorman is a successful Webmaster and publisher of Golf-Swing-Improvement.com He provides more golf swing tips, putting tips and more information on the biomechanics of your golf swing that you can research in your pajamas on his website.

#biomechanicsofyourgolfswing #drive #distance #accuracy #golfing #golfer #improve #game #score
@unimarter UniMarter Blog@unimarter
ponad 3 tygodnie temu
***Review: Nike SasQuatch 460 Ti Driver*** Club: Nike SasQua unimarter UniMarter
***Review: Nike SasQuatch 460 Ti Driver***

Club: Nike SasQuatch 460 Ti DriverDetails: Aldila NV-65 Stiff Shaft, 9.5 DegreesThe SasQuatch is certainly an interesting looking golf club. I still remember when I first saw it on TV, watching some PGA event, and thought, my god, why would anyone want to hit a golf club that looked so awful. But slowly, the strange shape and bright, contrasting colors, grew on me, and I had to see how well it performed for myself.A quick perusal through Ebay and I found myself a mint condition (well, they said mint, it did have a sky mark on it) SasQuatch for $230. A week later I had the golf club in hand, and off I went to the driving range. The first session with the SasQuatch was interesting. I am used to hitting my 12 degree R5, so dropping all the way down to 9.5, probably wasn?t the most intelligent decision. Nonetheless, I had been hitting the R5 so high, I figured I could get a more ?wind friendly? trajectory out of the 9.5..and I was right. What I didn?t consider was the left-right?right-left affect!The club shaft is identical to that of my R5, so I was comfortable with the feel of the club very quickly. I like the Aldila NV-65, as it forces me to have a nice, smooth tempo. Overswinging with this shaft seems to put me out to the right quite often. But that?s fine, I shouldn?t be trying to hit it 110%. So no complaints about the shaft. The trajectory started off quite low, and stayed quite low with the 9.5 degree driver face.I did like the sound of the SasQuatch on a solid hit. It was quite a menacing thwack.Well struck balls went quite far, stayed quite low, and got a lot of run on the fairway. Unfortunately, this is no miracle piece of golf equipment, you still have to put a good golf swing on the ball if you want it to go where you are aiming. I had a lot of slices and hooks with this club at the range. A lot of it, I believe, had to do with what I believe was a general lack of feeling of where the club head was. The club seemed very light to me, couple that with the enormous headsize, and I always had a feeling of, what the heck am I swinging. Perhaps with a few more range sessions, I could get over that feeling?but I decided against investing that time, as I prefer the forgiveness, feel & length of the R5.Ok, so after a few driving range sessions, I felt like I could take this interesting piece of golf equipment out on the course. And I did, twice. Both times I certainly had some bombed tee shots. But I never really had a good feeling about the club, and ended up with far too many misses?and lost balls. I just never had that feeling of confidence with the SasQuatch in my hands. I?m not sure why, perhaps it?s the shallower face? The lack of ?weight? to the club? Seriously, sometimes I just felt like I was swinging a fly swatter around..I could feel some wind resistance?but where was the club face?ConclusionI?m going to stick with my TaylorMade R5, as I feel quite comfortable with it these days, and have been hitting it extremely well. As much as I wanted to keep the SasQuatch, it looks like it will be finding its way back to eBay. I might have to look for a 10.5 degree R5 now though!Sean Lensborn is the author of The Deep Rough, a blog detailing his struggles and triumphs in the game of golf. His frequent entries cover anything from golf equipment reviews, golf tips, to golf travel reviews.

#golfequipment #golf #nike #sasquatch #driver #sasquatchreview
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